The preposition | संबंध सूचक

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The preposition | संबंध सूचक

 

 आज हम prepostion(संबंध सूचक) का उपयोग किस प्रकार करते है इसके बारे में जानकारी प्राप्त करेगे|

The preposition(संबंध सूचक)

ऐसे शब्द जो किसी noun(संज्ञा) या  pronoun (सर्वनाम) से पहले प्रयुक्त होकर उनका संबंध वाक्य के किसी अन्य Noun(संज्ञा) या Pronoun (सर्वनाम)से प्रकट करते हैं उन्हें prepostion कहते हैं।

 

उदाहरण:

 He climbed up the ladder.

 

She came from the Agra.

 

Please send the book at an early date.

 

He will begin the work from 1st December.

 

He went to the Delhi by car.

 

The soldier fought with courage.

 

He sold his house at auction.

 

The fan is on the table.

 

The cat ran into the house.

 

Types of preposition

(संबंध सूचक के प्रकार)

Simple preposition:

 down ,up ,under, after, with ,over, since , in, off ,on, out, from ,at, by,

,through,for


Double preposition:

Into, onto,from  among ,from within, from off ,over against

 

Compound preposition:

across, about, before ,beneath ,between ,above ,behind beside ,beyond

 

Phrase preposition:

According to ,along with, because of, by virtue of, by way of ,in addition to, in comparison of, in course of, in favour of, in front of, in order to, in place of, in spite of, instead of, on account of, with reference to, with regards to, due to, because of, by means of, for the sake of, on behalf of

 

Correct use of prepositions

1) At  (पर) का प्रयोग:

At छोटे स्थानों या बड़े स्थानों के एक भाग के लिए प्रयुक्त होता है ।

Mahesh stayed at Delhi.

 

Yesterday he came at railway station.

 

कुछ अन्य situation में at का प्रयोग,

I laughed at him.

 

I was surprised at his behaviour.

 

The master is annoyed at his servants behaviour.

 

He slept at your house.

2) In(में) का प्रयोग:

In भविष्य काल की अवधि बताता है अर्थात इससे पता लगता है कि कार्य कुछ समय में होगा। In बड़े स्थानो और देशों के लिए भी प्रयुक्त होता है।

 

Kapil lives in America.

 

You will become well in two days.

 

She will get up early in the morning.

 

कुछ अन्य situation में in का प्रयोग:

,He takes pride in his work.

 

They will fail in English.

 

Rahul is also in the room

 

People bath in the river.

 

I shall go there in a week.

3) after (बाद में) का प्रयोग:

after  द्वारा यह मालूम होता है कि कार्य कितने समय बाद होगा।

 

Rahul will go there after two hours.

After 5 hours I will appear for board examination.



3) behind (पीछे):

Behind स्थान की ओर संकेत करता है।

The shop is behind the field.

 

The cat run behind the mouse.

 

4)Bye(से) का प्रयोग:

 

Bye(के द्धारा) कार्य करने वाले अर्थात कर्ता से पूर्व प्रयुक्त होता है । निश्चित समय के लिए भी by का प्रयोग होता है|

A good song was sung by Lata.

 

This work was finished by Mohan.

 

The deer was killed by lion.

 

Sheetal wrote a letter by pen.

 

They  will come by ship.

 

She  will reach there by 3 o’clock



5)With (के साथ) का प्रयोग:

With का प्रयोग किसी यंत्र या वास्तु के साथ के लिए होता है।

Hari killed the tiger with sword.

 

I am going with Chetan.

 

Rohan is going market with his mother.

 

With great effort madan passed the IAS examination.

 

Mr Gupta is popular with his friends.

 

The teacher is angry with the students.

 

6)Beside (निकट) तथा besides (अतिरिक्त) का प्रयोग:

My room is beside the kitchen.

 

Besides a book ,he wants a pen.

 

7)Between (दो के मध्य) तथा among (दो से अधिक के मध्य)का प्रयोग:

The milk was distributed among the five boys.

 

The Apple was divided between the two brothers.

 

Divide the sweets between Rahul and Geeta.

 

Divide the mango among eight boys.

 


8)below तथा under (नीचे) का प्रयोग:

Below किसी स्थिति का ज्ञान कराता है तथा under किसी नीचे की वस्तु का ज्ञान कराता है|

Suraj’s leg are defective below the knees

.

Don’t put your coat under the table.

 

I had kept the book under the table.

 

9) Into (में) का प्रयोग: 

into गति बताता है।

The cat is come into the room.

 

The childrens are coming into the class.

 

They jumped into the well.

 

10)Before (पहले) का प्रयोग:

I shall go there before 1st January.

 

He ran before me.

 

11) Within का प्रयोग:

अवधि के भीतर के लिए होता है।

Rohan will go there within a week.

 

I will finish my work within 2 days.

 

12) For (के लिए) का प्रयोग:

He was waiting for you.

 

Gandhiji was famous for honesty.

 

I have great contempt for carelessness.

 

For का प्रयोग अनिश्चित समय के लिए भी होता है।

.

I am not been reading this book for 6 hours.

 

You are singing a song for 3 days.

 

13)Since प्रयोग:

निश्चित समय के लिए होता है|

I am learning since morning.

 

I am going there since Monday.

 

14) From (से ) का प्रयोग:

From किसी समय के बिंदु (point of time)को बताता है।

 

I am coming from Bombay.

 

I stayed there from June to October.

 

He is now free from work.

 

He suffering from fever.

 

You can select any pen from the box.

 

15) Of (का, के, की) का प्रयोग:

She is not afraid of mad dogs.

 

He was found guilty of theft.

 

The died of dengue.

16) On (पर) प्रयोग:

He called on me yesterday.

 

The book is on the table.

 

His policy is based on truth.

 

Please put it on the chair.

 

17) Over (के ऊपर, थोडा ऊपर) का प्रयोग:

I have no influence over him.

 

The plane few just over the building

 

Cow was running over the bridge.

18)To (के लिए) का प्रयोग:

Please listen to me.

 

I invite you to dinner.

 

I pray to God in the evening.

 

The book belongs to my mother.

 

She is not agree to my proposal.

I live close to my uncle’s house.

 

Use of some preposition with meanings.

People will laugh at him.

लोग उस पर हसेंगे।

 

Hari never depends on his own efforts.

हरि कभी अपने प्रयत्नों पर निर्भर नहीं रहता है|

 

Rahul is competing for the prize.

राहुल प्रतियोगिता में पुरस्कार के लिए भाग ले रहा है।

 

She is tired of her life.

वह अपने जीवन से दुखी है|

 

I agree with you.

मैं आपसे सहमत हूं|

 

He went there by train and came on foot.

वह वहां रेल से गया और पैदल वापस आया।

 

Will tomorrow be convenient to you?

क्या कल का दिन तुम्हारे लिए सुविधाजनक होगा?

 

Pay attention to your teachers words.

अपने मास्टर साहब के  शब्दों पर ध्यान दें।

 

I am not satisfied with your work.

मैं आपके काम से संतुष्ट नहीं हूं|

 

Are you not ready for journey.

क्या तुम यात्रा के लिए तैयार नहीं हो?

 

 

 

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