Clause| Noun clause | Adjective clause| Adverb clause,learn in an easy way!

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the clause
the clause

मित्रों आज हम अँग्रेजी व्याकरण के अंतर्गत clause और types of clause के बारे मे सम्पूर्ण जानकारी प्राप्त करेगे|इसमे हम Noun clause , Adjective clause,और Adverb clause के बारे में जानकारी प्राप्त करेगे|यह व्याकरण परीक्षा की दृष्टि से महत्वपूर्ण है|

⚫Clause

Clause के मुख्यतः दो प्रकार होते हैं।

➡️Principal clause (मुख्य उपवाक्य)

➡️Sub- ordinate clause(आश्रित उप वाक्य)

⚫Sub-ordinate clause के प्रकार

➡️The noun clause

➡️The adjective clause

➡️The adverb clause

Examples:

➡️I accept that he was wrong.

ऊपर के दिए गए उदाहरण में,

I accept……. principal clause है|

that he was wrong…… Sub ordinate clause है।

➡️I know well that you will get good marks in the examination.

I know well…….. principal clause

that you will get good marks in the examination………. Subordinate clause

⚫Noun clause(संज्ञा उपवाक्य)

वाक्य में Noun अर्थात संज्ञा का कार्य करता है।

Noun clause निम्नलिखित रूप से प्रयुक्त होता हैl

➡️As a subject of the verb

Examples:

What he said was false.

When I shall return is uncertain.

ऊपर के दिए गए वाक्य में noun clause(bold शब्द) का प्रयोग principal clause के verb के subject के रूप में हुआ है।

➡️As object of the verb

Examples:

◾He said that he would not read.

◾Tell me why he did it.

ऊपर के दिए गए वाक्य में Noun clause (bold शब्द) का प्रयोग  principal clause के Verb  के complement के रूप में किया गया है।

➡️As complement of the verb

Examples:

◾Life is what we make it

◾The truth is that he passed in the examination

Linking verb जैसे  is, am, are ,was ,were के बाद आने वाली Clause को noun clause as a complement of verb कहते हैं।

➡️Governed by the preposition

◾Pay attention to what I say

◾All depends on how you work

⚫Adjective clause(विशेषण उपवाक्य)

वह आश्रित उपवाक्य जिसमें subject और predicate  हो तथा वाक्य में विशेषण का कार्य करें।

ध्यान रखें- adjective clause अक्सर who , which,that,which ,why,where,who से शुरू होता है तथा इनके  पहले Noun प्रयुक्त किया गया होता है।

Examples:

◾This is the book which I purchased yesterday.

◾He has a brother whom I know.

◾I went to the place where Mr Gupta lives.

◾Everybody loves the boy who speaks the truth.

the clause
the clause

⚫Adverb clause(क्रियाविशेषण उपवाक्य)

➡️Adverb class as a time(समय सूचक)

समय सूचक शब्द जैसे as ,as soon as, no sooner… than ,while ,as long as ,after ,till ,until इत्यादि का प्रयोग किया जाता हैl

Examples:

When he came, I met him

◾I reached after he had gone.

Clause

➡️Adverb clause of place (स्थान सूचक शब्द)

Where ,wherever जैसे शब्द ..

Examples:

◾Asked him wherever he may be found.

◾They went where the living was cheaper

➡️Adverb clause of reason(कारण सूचक शब्द)

Because, since for, as now ,as now that जैसे शब्दों से शुरुवात होती है|

Examples:

◾He was happy that he was selected.

◾I respect him because he is gentle.

➡️Adverb clause of purpose (उद्देश्य सूचक शब्द)

So, so that ,such that ,in order that, जैसे शब्दों से शुरुवात होती है|

Examples:

◾He works hard so that he may pass.

◾We eat so that we may live.

➡️Adverb  clause of manner(ढंग)

As ,as if, as though ,according to जैसे शब्दों से शुरुवात होती है|

Examples:

◾He did as he was told.

◾It happened as I told you.

➡️Adverb clause of conditions (शर्त सूचक शब्द)

If, unless, if…. not ,whether …or ,provided, in case जैसे शब्दों से शुरुवात होती है|

Examples:

If you come ,I shall help you.

Unless you work hard ,you will fail

➡️Adverb clause of contrast(विरोधाभास)

Though, although,even if,however, all the same जैसे शब्दों से शुरुवात होती है|

Examples:

Though he is poor, he is honest.

◾I shall come, even if it rains

➡️Adverb clause of comparison (तुलनात्मक सूचक शब्द)

as….as,so…..as,the…..est,….er than,the …..est जैसे शब्दों से शुरुवात होती है |

Examples:

◾He is not so fool as you think.

◾He is older than you are.

➡️Adverb clause of result (परिणाम सूचक)

So….that,such….that जैसे शब्दों से शुरुवात होती है |

Examples:

◾He is so tired that he cannot walk.

◾It was so cold that many people died.

⚫ Exercise

Underline the clause and name what kind of it is.

➡️ When I came, he ran away.

➡️ If you wish to sleep now ,you may do so.

➡️ He sat down to rest because he was tired of play.

➡️ I met a boy who gave me your letter..

➡️ She denied that she had written the letter.

⚫Articles  a  an The का प्रयोग

English Speaking Course first day

Future indefinite tense and future continuous tense

⚫Future perfect tense and future perfect continuous tence

⚫Past indefinite tense and past continuous tence

⚫Past perfect tense and past perfect continuous tence

Present indefinite tense and present continuous tense

Present perfect tense and present perfect continuous tence

Exclamatory sentence and add a question tag

Sentence noun and gender

Pronoun and its kinds

Adjective and its kinds

Verb and its kinds

Preposition

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